Adulting is hard. It’s even harder for the millennials who came of age during or after the Great Recession. It certainly doesn’t help that financial literacy has always lacked in our society. So I decided to put together a list of 10 things you can do to manage your personal finances like a grown up.
1. Have a budget to help you keep tabs on money.
2. Set specific and realistic financial goals to make sure that you not only have something to look forward to but that you also stick with it.
3. Find a money role model who will give you something to strive for. S/he will make you realize that it is possible to get yourself out of debt, they can keep you accountable and they are a much better influence than your friend who says: “YOLO!”
4. Practice the art of ‘No’. Establishing boundaries protects your wallet as much as your sanity. Girls trip to Bali? Matching designer duds for the bachelorette week end? Expensive steak dinner after work? If you can’t afford it, say no & stay firm.
5. Don’t overspend. It sounds simple but if it were that easy, studies results wouldn’t show that 1/2 of all Americans are struggling financially. There’s no greater sign of maturity than exercising self control & being able to delay gratification.
6. Save, save, save. Emergency funds, retirement, short & long term goals. Save for all of them. Saving will prevent you from spiraling out of control under a mountain of debt.
7. Monitor your credit. There should never be surprises when it comes to your finances. Maybe except for pleasant ones like being ahead of your savings schedule or inheritance from a rich long lost cousin. You don’t want to find out long after you’ve started the process that your mortgage has been denied or after your clunker breaks down that you don’t qualify for a car loan. You should show up for credit applications equipped with enough information to negotiate from a position of power.
8. Be properly insured. When I landed in the hospital in late 2009, I couldn’t have imagined my life would change the way it did. In fact, I did 2-hour street parking outside of the hospital. I ended up leaving 4 weeks later & a month after that, I got $50,000 bill. All but $150 was covered by insurance. As a seemingly healthy 23 year old, I could have passed on coverage to save myself the $250 a month I was paying. Instead, I decided I needed to be properly covered like the adult that I was & that decision saved me from financial disaster.
9. Start learning investment basics. You cannot save your way to wealth. You can only earn your way to wealth either through wages, investments or some combination of both. You don’t have to become an expert stock picker, but you should learn the difference between some key concepts like 401k v. IRA, stocks, bonds & mutual funds, associated fees & tax implications of different investment types, etc.
10. Track your net worth. Your net worth is a measure of your financial progress. It is also a motivating & financial management tool & that is why I began actively tracking my net worth late last year.