I often talk about the importance of financial independence; at least to me. However you can’t achieve that through working only. Your earning potential is limited as a wage earner and only the most exceptional and/or connected will ever get to a salary level where their earnings alone will make them independently wealthy. So the rest of us turn to investments.
The approach that I take to investment is to look at every dollar I have as an employee. They are supposed to work and be productive. If they aren’t working they are costing me and I need to find an activity for them. But the drawback is finding the right “work site”. I believe that diversification is extremely important. Some of my dollars are doing heavy lifting in the real estate market, some are doing lazy work in CDs and savings and others are doing risky work in the stock market. That is my way of diversifying.
Diversification is an old and basic investment concept. It is a tool used to spread out your risk to ensure that you don’t have all your eggs in one basket. In my case, I use real estate as a mechanism to provide me with guaranteed cash flow since people will always need a place to live. I use my CD and savings accounts to provide me with flexibility and liquidity. Meanwhile, I use my stock market investments as a tax tool since they are work sponsored retirement plans.
My husband finds humor in me saying that investing is fun. But the truth is, the fun doesn’t stem from the process of learning to navigate the market or feeling my stomach drop every time a bad political move causes the DOW to fluctuate or mortgage rates to spike. The fun comes in knowing that even when I sleep, I’m still earning money. When I’m working, I’m earning my wage was well as money from all of my investments. I don’t have to work as hard but I can make more money than the person sitting next to me for the same amount of work.
However, as much fun as it is when you’re performing well, investing can be tricky. A lot of investments, particularly stock market investments are volatile. Not only that, they are also not backed by the full faith of the U.S. government. My CDs are in a banking institution that carries insurance on my deposit up to $250,000. If I put that same amount in the stock market today, I could wake up tomorrow and have it disappear with no recourse. In a best case scenario, I will retire at 62 or 67 with a million dollar portfolio that will give me enough dividends to live on until I die. The goal is to not outlive my investments. But there are no guarantees. And even when I get my way, I’m still going to be subject to both emotional and financial roller coaster rides over the next 30 years.
None of this means that the industry is unregulated. The Securities and Exchange Commission is the agency that oversees investment advisers and enforces securities laws. But they are just there to make sure that the companies don’t get away with committing fraud, not to guarantee your investments. And even with the regulations in place, even the law enforcement safeguards in place do not guarantee safety as you know by Bernie Madoff’s actions. So it is best to know what you are doing and how to protect yourself by being informed. There is a plethora of resources available and I hope to share them with you here.